l2t

React Components

What is component in react? What are the different types?

In react, html DOM elements are split into a smaller components. A component is basically responsible of generating html element. A component can take properties called props and output with a valid react element.

Components let you split the UI into independent, reusable pieces, and think about each piece in isolation. There are two types of react components:

  • A functional component
  • A class based component

When creating a React component, the component's name must start with an upper case letter.

What is a functional component?

A functional component can be written either with javascript function or using ES6 arrow function syntax.

Let's take a look at the example using ES6 arrow function syntax:

const GreetingsComponent = (props) => <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;

Using javascript function

function GreetingsComponent(props) {
  return <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;
}

Functional components has following advantages:

  • Easy to understand syntax
  • Easy to write unit tests
  • Less code to write
  • You can use the useEffect hook v16.8
  • You can use the useState hook v16.8

What is a class component?

React class components can be written with ES6 class syntax. Let's have a look at the syntax:

import React from "react"

class GreetingsComponent extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <h1>Hello, {this.props.name}</h1>;
  }
}

The class component has to include the extends React.Component statement to extends some react functions to be available in the class. Defining a constructor in class component is optional however if state is used can be defined as below:

import React from "react"

class GreetingsComponent extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {
      name: this.props.name
    }
  }
 
  render() {
    return <h1>Hello, {this.state.name}</h1>;
  }
}

The component must requires a render() method, this method returns HTML element(s).